- Runner’s Knee
If you’re experiencing pain from the area around or beneath the patella or knee cap, you might be experiencing Runner’s Knee. The pain usually arises from putting an excessive load on the joint and surrounding soft tissues. There are many reasons why Runner’s Knee can occur, from something as basic to not stretching properly before a run, to a more complex technique issue. Treatment of the injury depends on what has caused the injury to occur.
- Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)
IBTS results in pain on the outside of the knee, due to the inflammation of the Iliotibial band (ITB), a thick band of connected tissue which runs from the pelvis down outside of the thigh. If left untreated, ITBS can cause great discomfort for runners, to the point where they feel like they can’t even run a few hundred metres. The injury can occur from anatomical irregularities such as length-leg discrepancies, or by increasing the intensity of training before the muscles have sufficiently strengthened. Treatment of ITBS usually involves a strength and conditioning programme to prevent the ITB from being over-worked.
- Achilles Tendinopathy
Achilles Tendinopathy is a soft tissue injury that affects the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel. You might not pay this part of the body too much attention when running, but if it’s placed under undue stress, Achilles Tendinopathy can develop, causing inflammation, swelling and pain. While it is the role of the heel to absorb the shock of the foot when hitting the floor, if it is over-worked, Achilles Tendinopathy is likely to occur. If the condition does develop, you will need to avoid activities that may place stress on the ankle, as well as undertake a course of physiotherapy. If that should fail to improve the condition, shockwave treatment, occasional injection therapy, or even surgery may be advised.
- Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis manifests in the form of extreme stiffness or a stabbing pain in the arch of the foot. It can be decidedly unpleasant and make running impossible. It results from your foot pounding the ground without enough support. So, if you’re looking for something to blame for the injury having occurred, you probably don’t need to look further than your running shoes. They might either be unsuitable for your foot/action, or have insufficient cushioning which is not giving your foot the protection it needs. Treatment tends to revolve around getting plenty of rest, all the while using heel-stretching exercises to dull the pain.
- Shin splints
We’d suggest that every runner has experienced shin splints at some point or another. For those that haven’t, it results in an aching, stabbing sensation in your shins, which only become properly apparent when you get into full stride. Shin splints occur when the muscles and tendons covering the shinbone become inflamed. Once again, treatment involves trying to decipher what it is that is causing your shin’s muscles and tends to over-contract, which could be down to an ill-fitting pair or running shoes, or an unforgiving running surface. Once you’ve got to the root of the problem, you can alter your training accordingly.
If you’re experiencing any of these injuries, or any other problem that is having an impact on your running, please consult with your physio.